Basic Facts of Pakistan

Basic Facts of Pakistan
Official Name:
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation:
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet:
Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Head of the State:
Asif Ali Zardari, President
Head of Government:
Syed Yousuf Raza Gillani, Prime Minister
Capital:
Islamabad
Total Area:
796,095 Sq. km.
Punjab:
205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh:
140,914 Sq. km.
Khyber Pakhtunkhawa:
74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan:
347,190 Sq. km.
FATA:
27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital):
906 Sq. km.
Population:
159,196,336 (July 2004 est.)
Ethnic composition:
97% Muslims (77% Sunni, 20% Shia), 3% Christian, Hindu and others
Per capita income:
US $1085
GDP:
5.8%
Currency:
Pak. Rupee.(Rs.)
Exports:
Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, fruits, handicrafts Sea Food (Fisheries)
Imports:
Industrial equipment, vehicles, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil
Languages:
Urdu (National language), English (Official) & More other Languages include Sindhi, Punjabi, Balochi, Saraiki, Pushto, Hinko ....etc
Literacy rate:
53%
Government :
Parliamentary form
Parliament :
It consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House). The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 87 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college. The National Assembly has a total membership of 217 elected through adult suffrage (Muslim 207 and Minorities 10).
National Anthem:
Approved in June, 1954, Verses Composed by: Abul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri, Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla, Duration: 80 seconds
National Flower:
Jasmine
National Tree:
Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
National Animal:
Markhor.
National Bird:
Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Popular games :
Cricket, Hockey, Football
Tourist resorts:
Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological sites:
Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh
Major Cities:
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Multan, Sialkot and Faisalabad
Agriculture:
Major crops are cotton, wheat, rice and sugarcane
Total cropped area:
22.14 million hectares
Industry:
Textiles, cement, fertilizer, steel, sugar, electric goods, shipbuilding
Energy :
 
Major sources:
Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity:
22763 MW
Transport & Comm.:
 
Total length of roads:
259, 758 km
Railway Track:
7,791 km
Locomotives:
580
Railway stations:
781
Pakistan International Airlines:
Covers 38 international and 24 domestic stations with a fleet of 49 planes
Seaports (Int'l):
Karachi, Bin Qasim and Gwadar
Fish Harbours/Mini Ports :
Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar
Banks:
 
Central Bank:
State Bank of Pakistan
Nationalized Scheduled Banks:
First Woman Bank Ltd, National Bank of Pakistan
Specialized Banks:
Zari Taraqiati Bank (ZTBL), Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan, Punjab Provincial Cooperative Bank Ltd
Private Scheduled Banks:
Askari Commercial Bank Limited, Bank Al-Falah Limited, Faysal Bank Limited, Bank Al-Habib Limited, Metropolitan Bank Limited, KASB Commercial Bank Limited Prime Commercial Bank Limited, Soneri Bank Limited, Meezan Bank Limited, Silk Bank, Crescent Commercial Bank Limited, Dawood Bank Limited, NDLC-IFIC Bank Limited (NIB), Allied Bank of Pakistan Limited, United Bank Limited, Habib Bank Limited, SME Banks
Foreign Banks:
ABN Amro Bank N.V, Albaraka Islamic Bank BSC (EC), American Expresss Bank Limited, Barclays, Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi Limited Citibank N.A, Deutsche Bank A.G., Habib Bank A.G. Zurich, Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corp Limited, Oman International Bank S.O.A.G Royal Bank of Scotland, Standard Chartered Bank Limited
Development Financial Institutions:
Pakistan Industrial Credit and Investment Corp. Limited, Pak Kuwait Investment Company (Pvt) Limited, Pak Libya Holding Company (Pvt) Limited, Pak-Oman Investment Company (Pvt) Limited, Saudi Pak Industrial and AgricuturalInvestment Company (Pvt) Limited
Investment Banks:
Crescent Investment Bank Limited, First International Investment Bank Limited, Atlas Investment Bank Limited, Security Investment Bank Limited, Fidelity Investment Bank Limited, Prudential Investment Bank Limited, Islamic Investment Bank Limited, Asset Investment Bank Limited, Al-Towfeek Investment Bank Limited, Jahangir Siddiqui Investment Bank Limited, Franklin Investment Bank Limited, Orix Investment Bank (Pak) Limited